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1. Most Important Goals
- Propose a system to reduce substantially the cost of housing.
- Propose a new housing typology flexible and expandable, you can reconfigure and adapt constantly to the needs of its occupants.
- Suggest a new home selling system that allows low-cost upgrades, and the possibility of self. This system allows the user pays only for the space you need in every moment.
- Designing buildings with an infinite life cycle. That is, a set composed of buildings of architectural components assembled so that all can be recovered, repaired, reused, or replaced with ease. Thus, the buildings can be preserved forever, reduce, enlarge, update, or add new architectural elements in the future.
- Type of housing project a high level of ecological and bioclimatic.
- Project a collection of buildings with a composite structure based on modular laminar, which are assembled on site by simply small welds. Despite being an isostatic structure, and have a very limited capacity to absorb perfect fixed-end moments at the nodes, behaves perfectly, particularly due to its interlocking design. Thus, it can meet all kinds of external actions vertical, horizontal and random (it has a perfect performance against earthquakes).
- Projecting a removable structure, based on lightweight concrete elements. These items are made in the factory, they are easily transportable (no need for special transportation), and assembled on site with ease, despite its weight.
- Achieving a perfect balance between the need to give the building a large thermal mass, and the desire to recover and reuse every one of its components. Therefore, we have chosen a structural system based on lightweight concrete slabs, oversized. These plates are joined together by bolts and welds in metallic elements embedded and twinned in the concrete mass of each architectural element.
- Perform a complex of buildings as healthy as possible, providing them with natural lighting and ventilation (the houses do not need air conditioning, and while there is sunlight, artificial lighting is not needed).
2. Architectural Solution
The first objective of the project "Neopolis" is lowering the price of housing construction.
It is evident that housing prices could be controlled and reduced, using much more effective mechanisms, such as:
- Limit land prices and speculation (buying cheap land and then rezoned for housing),
- Check the disproportionate benefit of the promoters (including the administration wants benefits in many cases similar to the private developer), and
- Check the funding of political parties, urban planning and control competencies of the municipalities by the central government.
With these three actions, it is likely that the price of existing home sales down more than 50% in some cases.
However, society has, in time, tools to defend against abuse of power, and against monopolies "de facto" illegal.
Thus, Luis de Garrido has proposed a purely architectural systems to lower the cost of housing construction, and therefore, with the permission of the management and promoters significantly reduce the sales price of homes, making them accessible to citizens .
The systems proposed in the "Neopolis" to reduce the cost of housing construction are:
1. Increase the number of building heights, reducing the cost impact of land prices in homes.
2. Achieving a high level of industrialization and prefabrication of all components of the building, reducing costs considerably.
3. Sell partially constructed spaces. Thus, the buyer has at the time of buying a basic house that meets their present needs, and an empty space, which can extend your home, meeting the needs you may have in the future.
With these three strategies, purely constructive, it can reduce the cost of building houses up to 40%. The first two strategies are already known, however, Luis de Garrido the optimized. However, the third strategy is completely new in the current promotion of housing, and offers the citizen the same kind of housing that has always existed throughout history: a home that can expand as you wish.
The type of housing proposal includes two modules of 50 m2 each. One of the modules is fully built, and has a lounge, kitchen, bathroom and bedroom. The other module is provided initially empty, and allows sequential expansion of housing for its occupant.
- Thus, the citizen has a home initially of 50 m2 and an area of 50 m2 (which may be a terrace or garden).
- In a second stage, individuals may extend the 25 m2 built, increasing the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, and increasing the area of the room. In this case, the empty space (terrace or garden) is 25 m2.
- In the third stage, individuals may extend the 25 m2 built, increasing again the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, and increasing the area of the room. In this case, the surface of the house is 100 m2, and there is no empty space.
The two extensions can be made directly by the homeowner, using prefabricated components, or using the building system you want, without planning permission, or skilled labor.
The most important thing is that the proposed construction system (based on precast 25 m2 each) can easily accommodate both the original dwelling, as the successive enlargements.
Thus, the user purchases the property it needs, without jeopardizing his life.
The current housing problem arises because young people want a home that meets your current needs (individual or couple), but not satisfied with a very small house, because they do not meet the needs they may have in their future (family). Neither want to buy a small house, since its revaluation is much lower. So buying a house just above their means. Buy a house with an area larger than they need, with money that do not have. And they end up jeopardizing his life, welfare, and your level of happiness.
However, the proposed system allows the citizen to buy only what you need (with a very low cost), without jeopardizing his life, and without reducing their expected returns and accounts (as it has the chance to end up with a large house). That is, the degree of flexibility of housing is so great that it can satisfy, without speculative premium, the needs of its occupants at all times.
Another highlight of the project innovations "Neopolis" focuses on the bathrooms and kitchen.
1. Mobility. All bathrooms and sanitary kitchen furniture are mobile Thus, the user can move them and place them where you want at any time.
2. Reconfiguration. All sanitary appliances, including bathroom and kitchen fittings, can be relocated easily, without specialized labor, without generating waste and without having to work. The user can remove, replace, or dispose elsewhere, all items in the bathrooms and kitchen.
3. Renewal. Bathrooms and kitchens are made s base panels of various materials: wood, stone, ceramics .... Assembled dry, hermetically. In this way the user can remove and replace the various tiles with new ones, without generating any debris, and without specialized labor, and without spending more money than the cost of material.
3. Sustainable Analysis
1. Resource Optimization
1.1. Natural Resources. They take full advantage of resources such as sun, wind, earth (to cool the building), rain water (stored in underground tanks and used to irrigate the gardens), ... .. On the other hand, has installed water saving devices on taps, showers and flush toilets.
1.2. Resources made. The materials used are maximized, reducing potential waste through proper project, effective management, and above all, because each component of the building has been individually built at the factory.
1.3. Resources recovered, reused and recycled.
All building materials may be recoverable, including all elements of the structure. Thus, can be easily repaired, and reused in the mime building, or in any other. On the other hand, has promoted the use of recycled and recyclable materials.
2. Decreased energy consumption
The building has been constructed with minimal energy consumption. The materials used were manufactured with a minimum amount of energy, since all components are factory, with complete control. On the other hand, the building is constructed with very few assistive devices, being fully industrialized.
Due to their bioclimatic characteristics, the building has a very low power consumption (it is estimated that homes will consume only 20% of what they consume conventional dwellings with an area similar). It should be noted that the houses do not need artificial light while there is sun, and the lighting of public areas is based on LEDs.
The vast majority of materials used can be recovered easily. On the other hand, the building is designed to have indefinite durability, since all the building components are easily recoverable, repairable and replaceable.
3. Using alternative energy sources
The energy used to cool the house by a stream of fresh air from the inner core, comes from geothermal (using a fresh architectural air geothermal that uses existing low temperatures underground in the tunnels).
Similarly, the building is heated by the greenhouse effect, solar thermal sensors, and a geothermal system.
Therefore, the building has a zero energy consumption from renewable energies.
4. Reduced waste and emissions
In the building just waste were generated, and virtually no emissions. Similarly, during his lifetime, the building does not generate any emissions, and does not generate any waste, except organic.
5. Improving health and wellbeing
All materials used are environmentally friendly and healthy and have no emissions that can affect human health. Similarly, the building is naturally ventilated, and maximizing natural light, creating a healthy environment and provides the best possible quality of life for its occupants.
6. Reduced price of the building and maintenance
The building was designed by an industrialized construction system flexible, allowing construction at a price much lower than conventional building systems, despite the ecological equipment includes.
4. Highlights Innovations
- Proposal for a flexible type of housing, which reduces the cost of housing up to 40%.
- Proposal for a flexible type of housing, to increase and reduce its area and number of stays, according to the needs of its occupants at all times. The enlargement process is done simply and inexpensively, using prefabricated elements.
- Proposed structure of bathrooms and kitchens flexible. This new system allows the user to reconfigure the bathrooms and kitchens without skilled labor. Similarly, this structure allows sanitary appliances and mobile and can be located anywhere in the house.
- System "cassette" of prefabricated bathrooms. Thus, the toilets can be installed in one piece in the building. Similarly, one can extract the entire building, take the factory, and renew, in accordance with user preferences. The whole process could take place in just a couple of days.
- Building system that achieves a building with an indefinite life cycle.
- 100% industrialized construction system in which all building components can be recovered, repaired and reused indefinitely.
- Construction process that allows buildings without generating little waste.
- System for building prefabricated housing green, low price.
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