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1. Most Important Goals
Make a bioclimatic house, built into the urban fabric of a small town.
2. Architectural Solution
The housing typology is inspired by Renaissance palaces. A small perforated flat facade to the north, and a facade with a large glass area to the south.
In the center of the housing has an oval courtyard provides daylight. Therefore, in winter the house is lit by large windows in the south and in summer, covered the windows, the house is illuminated through the central courtyard. Thus the house stays warm in winter and cool in summer.
In the center is covered central courtyard has a fountain and a water spray to increase the ability of bioclimatic architectural system refresh.
3. Eco-friendly materials
1. Foundations and structure.
Double-leaf walls and insulation. The inner leaf wall load is based on wood-cement blocks (Durisols) of 20 cm. thick, and large format. These blocks are filled with sand, or isolation, depending on their housing situation. The outer leaf is built using lightweight concrete panels of 7 cm. Inside there is a double sheet of hemp insulation layer of 6 cm. and a ventilated air space of 3 cm. The floor is made out of prefabricated concrete slabs. The north facade is composed of the outer sheet quartzite stone slabs with ventilated facade.
2. Exterior finishes
Silicate paint. Tongue and groove boards and battens, Ipe wood, heat treated and dyed with vegetable oils. Ventilated facade based on quartzite stone plates, irregular shaped, and 4 cm. thick ..
3. Interior finishes
Paintings vegetables. Flooring tile polished basalt stone (Basaltina gray). Double doors plywood board, beech plywood, and treated with vegetable oils.
Roof garden, with an average thickness of 30 cm. of land. Pitched roof sandwich panel based consists of: top Viroc board (wood chips and cement) of 13 mm, bottom board of birch plywood 13 mm, and internal insulation hemp fiber 10 cm. thick. Based coating with a layer of rubber, and a coating of zinc sheet.
Polypropylene water pipes. Polyethylene drainage pipes. Energy-efficient appliances. Silestone kitchen countertops antibacterial. Walls and floors of high performance glass (anti-scratch, slip, easy cleaning, special screen ...). Iroko wood carpentry treated with vegetable oils. Cotton canvas awnings. Shading Ipe hardwood, treated with vegetable oils. All woods used have a certificate of origin with selective logging and ecological treatment (FSC).
4. Highlights Innovations
- Use of wood-cement blocks, to perform load-bearing walls of the building. These blocks are lighter than conventional concrete blocks, so its size can be increased. They are easier to handle (can be sawn), and have a greater degree of thermal insulation and soundproofing. On the other hand, are unalterable and more environmentally friendly because they are composed of wood chips and cement. The wood fibers blocks provide greater resistance to flexion and compression, and reduce their vulnerability. Finally, it is especially noteworthy that wood chips have been used in its construction, which makes them a model example in the industrial use of waste.
- 50% of lighting LEDs incorporated into housing, with color temperatures between 2,200 and 4,100 º K K.
- Based shading laminated glass with solar protection films.
- Wireless home automation system for comprehensive control of all devices in the home.
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