Renovation of the historical centre of Zaraysk by Basis architectural bureau

One of the 10 best public spaces in Russia in 2019 Zaraysk / 2019

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The project for the renovation of the historical city centre of Zaraysk has been
completed. It won the 2018 All-Russia competition of the best projects in developing a
comfortable urban environment in small cities and historical settlements. In 2019, the
Zaraysk city centre renovation project by Basis architectural bureau was included in the
list of "10 best public spaces in Russia 2019", according to independent Russian urban
blogger Ilya Varlamov.



It was important for the architects of the bureau not only to create a comfortable
environment for locals and tourists but also to emphasize the historical significance of
the city, to show its uniqueness.



Zaraysk is a small ancient city that still retains the comfort and warmth of bygone eras.
The city is associated with the names of the governor Pozharsky, the merchants
Bakhrushins, Yartsevs, and Sholokhovs; Feodor Dostoevsky was born here. Despite
the fact that over the past years the cultural and merchant heritage has noticeably
deteriorated, Zaraysk is not very different from the city that Dostoevsky experienced -
and this is its charm. It is dominated by small wooden merchant estates of the XIX
century. The water tower and the church bell tower are still the dominant landmarks.
The market area is still in the same place as 200 years ago, and Krasnoarmeyskaya
Street was built during Catherine II reign. According to the project, the historical centre
is combined into a large pedestrian and tourist area with new points of attraction around
historical monuments.



Ivan Okhapkin, head of Basis architectural bureau: "It’s clear that in order to preserve
the atmosphere of the Russian county town, one can’t apply any ready-made solutions,
even those that "worked" elsewhere - standard street lanterns, paving, benches. The
concept developed by Basis is built around shapes, materials, plants and colours typical
for Zaraysk. We tried to find materials that would age gracefully: we chose wood instead
of something bright and modern; we designed authentic wood and copper lamps; we
also used historical cobblestone in the pavement. We believe that’s how a new urban
identity is formed.”



The brick water tower, reminiscent of the donjon tower is one of the main attractions of
the city. To emphasize this dominance, a contrasting coating of white marble chips and
slabs in the tone of bricks was created around it. Red and white paved paths converge
in rays from the roadway to the tower. Historic cobblestone found by archaeologists
during the construction works is integrated into the paving where the street enters the
square. Red asphalt is laid on the highway circling the small park.



The intimate and serene atmosphere of this place is reflected in authentic wooden
lamps and randomly arranged orange and red chairs. The playground is equipped with
wooden objects for playing with white marble sand. In spring the entire square is
shrouded in the haze of blooming white shadbush hiding it from the roadway.
Another anchor point is a playground with swings near the central store lined with small
pebbles. Unlike a bright rubber coating, natural materials look more organic here and
are suitable for games with water. A backlit canopy hanging over a swing, a horizontal
bar with an obstacle course and a porch of a tea house is part of the new design code
and is repeated in several areas of the city.


The square near the shopping arcades of the 18th century and the Trinity Church is
another important point on the new pedestrian route. Lined with granite and located on
the same level with the roadway, it is easily transformed into a venue for mass events.
The restored memorial to the heroes of the Second World War with the Eternal Flame is
visually highlighted by paving. The history of the place is preserved with textured tiles of
chipped granite which outline a chapel that once stood there. A similar approach is
applied in another part of the city – where the gaols used to be. Memorial plates are
integrated into the paving with information collected by the director of the Zaraysk’s
Kremlin.



Exhibition and corridor spaces are organized along the shopping arcades. In order not
to obscure the historical facades and the view of the river valley, large shrubs of Ginnal
maple giving a cosy shade will be planted here instead of big trees.



In such an authentic, "tactile" project, landscaping always plays an important role. The
architects tried to preserve long-lived trees, even where they suddenly found
themselves on the paved paths. Big trees planted non-linearly were "caught" in specially
designed geometric lawns (creating a place for benches). The architects also restored
lost species - a linden alley in the square, rowan bushes. The city now has flower beds,
bicycle parking for schoolchildren and parking for parents bringing children to school.
Lighting calculations showed that it was possible to illuminate the pedestrian part and
the road together not only with 6-meter lights exceeding the size of wooden houses but
also with double-sided lamps arranged in a checkerboard pattern. Сompact wooden
lanterns have been specially designed for Zaraysk that will gracefully age and only add
to the town’s identity.



As always in the case of public design, most of the budget is invested in important
works on waterworks, gas infrastructure development, power supply, wastewater disposal
systems. The entire centre is designed according to the principle of a barrier-free
environment suitable for people with limited mobility.

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    The project for the renovation of the historical city centre of Zaraysk has beencompleted. It won the 2018 All-Russia competition of the best projects in developing acomfortable urban environment in small cities and historical settlements. In 2019, theZaraysk city centre renovation project by Basis architectural bureau was included in thelist of "10 best public spaces in Russia 2019", according to independent Russian urbanblogger Ilya Varlamov. It was important for the architects of the bureau...

    Project details
    • Year 2019
    • Work started in 2018
    • Work finished in 2019
    • Main structure Mixed structure
    • Client Ministry of landscape and public space development of Moscow region
    • Contractor Basis Architectural group
    • Status Completed works
    • Type Parks, Public Gardens / Public Squares / Urban Furniture / Restoration of old town centres / Archaeological Areas / Furniture design
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