This low-cost (half of usual price, less than 400 euros/m2) and self-assembled
house has been built in León (Spain) for a wine-maker family. For its
construction, pavilions were used and interconnected in the same fashion as
the Chinese traditional architecture of Shouzou Gardens.
The structure consists of load-bearing walls made out of lightened clay that
provide the house with thermal insulation. The beam system –made of precast
concrete and clay– comprises 5-meter spans and supports the habitable green
roof. Thanks to its soil and vegetation, not only provides it insulation and
thermal inertia, but it also absorbs solar radiation.
The house is heated with low-temperature radiant floor connected to solar
panels during the winter. In summer, it is cooled with cross ventilation during the
night and blinds controlling solar radiation during the day (as in traditional
The different levels of the slab define diverse scale spaces as well as the
connection between interior levels. The horizontal connection of spaces is
achieved through diagonal alignment of pavilions and axial continuity of doors.
The clients participated throughout the designing and building process
redefining the house geometry in order to adapt it to their own needs and
gradually colonizing the space.
This house was characterized by a cheap conventional construction and easy
building techniques known by the locals as well as the house owners.
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