Construction Mirasierra. Madrid
430,871 EUR 60
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1. Most Important Goals
Perform a high level bioclimatic housing, capable of warming itself in cold climates.
Modeling a bioclimatic housing typology in which the most important sights are on the north side. That is, large glazed areas should be located on the north side (to ensure the views) even if it means a priori strong energy losses. In addition, large glazed areas should be arranged to the south to take advantage of solar radiation to heat the greenhouse housing and direct sunlight. This has been resolved to the north providing a gallery of double glazing. This will favor the views without energy loss.
2. Architectural Solution
The house is located very centrally in a residential area of the city of Madrid. The temperatures are extreme (very hot in summer and too cold in winter), and low humidity.
The house has three levels. The basement houses the garage and the engine room. The ground floor houses the living area of housing, and the first floor bedrooms.
The housing structure is tripartite, with a double-height gallery longitudinal glass roof, which are turning the two wings of the house. The covered patio is actually the living room of the house (with double height, and visual relationship with the other rooms of the house) and it works like a huge greenhouse.
The longitudinal structure of the inner gallery run is that the home must illuminate the hall (located in the north, where these views) to the solar radiation that comes from the south facade. Thus, the side rooms can benefit from this high level of solar lighting inside.
3. Most important innovations
- Internal cumshot gallery as a covered patio, which acts as a greenhouse, which allows light (and heated) placements located on the north by solar radiation from the south.
- System of solar radiant floor heating with water tank with multiple outlets. Which optimizes the thermal performance and reduces the number of necessary thermal captors.
- De-humidification system based on silica gel trays, arranged in the geothermal system refresh architectural housing.
- The architectural complex is self-sufficient in water. That is, does not connect to the systems of municipal water supply (although they have maintained in order to have an alternative source of water, if necessary).
The water required for human consumption, human hygiene, irrigation of crops and irrigation of green areas is obtained from several complementary sources:
The property has a probe to extract water from underground aquifers. The water thus obtained is filtered and purified to become unfit for human consumption.
- Water from rain
Rainwater that falls on housing is collected and stored in an underground tank. The water is filtered and purified to become unfit for human consumption.
- Recycling of greywater
Greywater from the house is filtered and stored in warehouses located for this purpose in each of the buildings. The water thus obtained is filtered and purified to become unfit for human consumption.
But above all we must mention that the house has been designed to consume very little water. Are arranged in water-saving appliances, a drip irrigation system in the garden, native species that need little water, and especially the use of materials that require little cleaning or maintenance.
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