Urbanización Virgen de Montserrat, Valencia
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1. Most Important Goals
- Perform a high level of ecological housing, and low budget, with a unique design.
- Projecting a high bioclimatic housing without heating or mechanical conditioning.
- Demonstrate that the heating system more economical and effective for a bioclimatic house is based on electric radiators, night rate.
2. Architectural Solution
The architectural structure of the house is very simple, and consists of a single volume of cubic structure, and square.
All rooms in the home pivot around a large central hole that connects spatially three floors of the same.
Despite the robust simplicity of housing composition, its structure is very dynamic, moving slightly inland compositional lines, for the exterior.
Housing behaves completely different in winter or summer, and can be reconfigured easily to move from one state to another. In winter, the housing becomes a huge greenhouse, achieving the highest solar radiation in the south. In contrast, in summer, the windows close completely south, and housing is illuminated by indirect sunlight from the north and central covered courtyard zenith.
3. Eco-friendly materials
1. Foundations and structure.
Load-bearing walls of a single sheet. The walls are made based on wood-cement blocks (Durisols) of 25 cm. thick, and large format. These blocks include factory and an insulating layer of black cork 6 cm. In addition, work can be filled with sand, concrete or insulating, depending on their housing situation.
2. Exterior finishes
Silicate paint. Tongue and groove boards and battens, Ipe wood, heat treated and dyed with vegetable oils.
3. Interior finishes
Paintings vegetables. Tile Flooring Sirius polished stone floor, and wooden birch plywood, and treated with vegetable oils, on the first floor. Double doors plywood board, beech plywood, and treated with vegetable oils.
Roof garden, with an average thickness of 30 cm. of land. Pitched roof sandwich panel based consists of: top Viroc board (wood chips and cement) of 13 mm, bottom board of birch plywood 13 mm, and internal insulation hemp fiber 10 cm. thick. Based coating with a layer of rubber, and a coating of zinc sheet.
Polypropylene water pipes. Polyethylene drainage pipes. Energy-efficient appliances. Silestone kitchen countertops antibacterial. Walls and floors of high performance glass (anti-scratch, slip, easy cleaning, special screen ...). Iroko wood carpentry treated with vegetable oils. Cotton canvas awnings. Shading Ipe hardwood, treated with vegetable oils. All woods used have a certificate of origin with selective logging and ecological treatment (FSC).
4. Highlights Innovations
- Maximum use of space.
- Integration of the roof garden in the housing structure, and ease of access to it.
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