ECOPOLIS ECO-HOUSING COMPLEX
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1. Most Important Goals
Make a proposal for high-level urban development sustainable, so that the entire surface of the order is a city park. That is, the building remains camouflaged, nearly invisible, keeping all the surface acting as a green area.
Demonstrate the economic viability of an urban planning proposal extremely sustainable.
Make a proposal for extensive-intensive management. Extensive form of buildings buried. Intensive, concentrating on a single buildable skyscrapers.
Integrate two completely different urban fabric of the city of Valencia, bringing the city to the sea.
Retrieve the Valencian orchard, integrating the growth of the city.
Designing a self-sufficient urban area.
2. Architectural Solution
Given the achievements in the design of "The Llum" to Manhattan, Luis de Garrido continued to explore his ideas for a new sustainable habitat, and offered the city of Valencia management an important area of the city: the area between City of Arts and Sciences and the neighborhood of Nazareth (Ecopolis Complex).
The aim is to show the citizens of Valencia as it can get a very high urban use (or whatever it is, the same business opportunity), but based on some premises 100% sustainable. Luis de Garrido therefore offered a sort based on types of houses half-buried (up to 4 levels), and a skyscraper of 501 m. high.
The set achieves the same levels of urban exploitation that currently has the general urban development plan for the same area of the city of Valencia.
The aim of the new urban area proposed for this part of town basically consists of the nearly extinct orchard retake Valencia. Luis de Garrido therefore proposes a communication route that connects north-south access of the city to the south. From this arise in a sinuous axis, a longitudinal group of buildings of low height and half-buried in an east-west. The set resembles the tree branches or growth of ferns ... ...
The buildings are partially buried in the north and south facades show, which gives it its bioclimatic extreme, and ensures that the resulting homes need no heating, no air conditioning. On the other hand, half-buried the whole area is used for vehicular traffic roads, bicycle traffic and pedestrian circulation, while serving as a parking space for residents of the area.
Thus, a citizen who travels through the south side of the river Turia would not see any building except a skyscraper. Only sinuous dunes would be visible green spaces and gardens .... And give the feeling there is nothing built. The same impression would have if observed from the air all because the buildings are covered with gardens. The earth itself is extracted to build, is the land needed to build the depth of the northern part of each set. Only the southern part of the whole glazed openings make it possible to observe the half-buried buildings.
The resulting organization tries to educate the citizen that the scarcest resource we have is the territory and to order the old strategies become obsolete every day, and only serve to channel the speculation and the business of the city, but not to meet the needs of citizens and the planet.
3. Sustainable Analysis
1. Resource Optimization
They make the most of natural resources such as sun, earth, wind, rain water.
- Sun buildings are arranged so that solar radiation access to every building, every day of the year, without casting shadows to each other. This arrangement provides maximum utilization of natural light and allows the generation of heat in buildings by the greenhouse effect, which substantially reduces energy consumption for heating.
- Earth. The disposal of large volumes of land enables a high thermal inertia of the buildings, which ensures the stability of the temperature inside the buildings. The underground galleries allow refresh of buildings, ensuring they do not need to refresh mechanical systems.
- Brisa. The breeze from the sea allows a high level of ventilation, and temperature stays fresh galleries distribution, and communication routes east-west.
- Rain. Rainwater that falls throughout the organization is collected by a collector and collects in deposits prepared for this purpose. E stored rainwater is used for irrigation of gardens and orchards.
2. Decreased energy consumption
The buildings have a high level of industrialization and prefabrication, so that energy consumption in construction is minimized.
Similarly, and due to its special design bioclimatic buildings do not need air conditioning systems, and have little energy for heating.
3. Using alternative energy sources
The area has been ordered a large deployment of renewable energy generation systems: Captors solar thermal, solar photovoltaic captors, domestic wind turbines, and especially geothermal generation of fresh air.
4. Reduced waste and emissions
The area ordered not generate any emissions and has a system for collecting and processing of household waste. On the other hand, the construction of the buildings have hardly generated waste, and used all of them in their own construction.
5. Improving health and wellbeing
The lighting and natural ventilation, the absence of harmful emissions, and the existence of a large area of parkland, provide a healthy and rewarding intone, which guarantees the welfare and quality of life of the inhabitants of the area.
6. Reduced price for the buildings and their maintenance
The construction system and materials used enable the right price and low maintenance of buildings.
4. Highlights Innovations
- Make a real planning proposal part of the city of Valencia, where despite allowing a building of medium to high intensity, it enables the entire surface of action be maintained as green area.
- Make a vertical city proposed self-sufficient.
- Make a self-management proposal for the city.
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