José Luis Alabau
Private Virgin of Montserrat, Valencia
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1. Most Important Goals
- Designing a house half buried, staggered and fully integrated into the ground.
- Investigate new forms of architecture, based on load-bearing walls curved.
- Conduct a home unique, high ecological, and low budget.
2. Architectural Solution
The land has a slight slope to the south. We therefore proposed a staggered home, so that the three levels have a direct view to the south. Similarly, it has provided a central courtyard which is "dumped" the entire house, as a large greenhouse.
One of the most important features of the house is that all roofs are landscaped and run at slightly above the natural elevation of the surrounding terrain. Thus, the covers blend into the surrounding garden and can be used as usual.
Again, the building structure is tripartite. The main rooms run on both sides of the central double-height space, as a covered patio. The upper floor houses the bedrooms, and the lower floor areas daily.
The most prominent formal feature of the house are bearing walls curved, which are designed and run to the surrounding garden. Load-bearing walls are a huge advantage in building low-rise buildings, as they provide a high thermal inertia, and allows to be built with very few supporting resources. On the other hand, the curvature of the walls can contain land projected to different heights, and integrate seamlessly into the garden surrounding the house (in a sculptural and very attractive).
3. Sustainable Analysis
Same sustainable features Madonna House.
4. Bioclimatic characteristics
1.1. Heat Generation Systems
The house is heated by itself, in two ways: 1. Avoiding cool: Due to its high thermal insulation, and having most of the glass surface to the south. 2. Because of his careful and special bioclimatic design, the home is partially heated greenhouse, solar radiation and electric batteries to your nightly rate.
1.2. Fresh Generation Systems
Housing cools itself in three ways: 1. Avoiding hot, providing the bulk of the glass surface and no gap in the south east and west, providing sun protection for the direct and indirect solar radiation, and providing adequate insulation. 2. Cooling by a cooling air architecture by means of underground galleries. On the other hand, due to high thermal inertia of the building, the accumulated fresh overnight stays for nearly all the next day. The fact that housing is partially buried enables its temperature is kept uniform and pleasant throughout the year. 3. Evacuating the hot air outside the housing through the upper windows of the central zone.
3. Storage systems (heat or cool)
The heat generated during the day in winter it accumulates in the floors and load-bearing walls, keeping the house warm during the night. Similarly, generated during the cool summer night up in the floors and load-bearing walls, keeping the house cool during the day. The roof garden high thermal inertia, reinforces this process.
4. Transfer systems (heat or cool).
The heat generated by the greenhouse effect and natural radiation is distributed in the form of hot air throughout the building from the central zone. Similarly, the heat accumulated in the load-bearing walls is transmitted to the radiation side rooms.
The cool air generated in the underground galleries for the housing is divided by a set of pipes and vents spread across the floors of the house. On the other hand, fresh air rises through the central courtyard and through all the rooms through the vents Interior doors.
5. Natural ventilation
The ventilation of the building is a continuous and natural, through the very walls surround, allowing adequate ventilation without energy loss. This type of ventilation is possible as all materials are breathable (concrete, hemp insulation, paint silicates), although the whole performance has a completely waterproof.
5. Organic materials
We used the same organic materials that employees at Home Virgin.
6. Outstanding innovations
- Full integration of housing in the surrounding steep terrain.
- Use of curved load-bearing walls and low price.
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