Sharing Blocks

Gandía / Spain / 2011

31
31 Love 4,321 Visits Published
This project was developed in Gandia, a town with a population of 75,000 to the south of Valencia. The aim was to develop a hybrid project that would function essentially as a student residence while meeting the requirements of social housing, with the corresponding standards and characteristics. The proposed programme includes 102 apartments for young people, 40 apartments for senior citizens, and a civic and social centre for the town council. The most interesting question from a programmatic point of view is the provision of shared spaces in the apartments for young people, which is in effect a new version from the traditional residence for young people. In Spain the national Housing Plan clearly establishes that apartments can be built with an area of between 30 and 45 m2, with up to 20% of shared space, but does not specify where or how this should be located. The fact is that the idea of sharing spaces is fully compatible with the goals of social and environmental sustainability, grounded as it is on the principle of ‘doing more with less’: that is, offering people more resources through the mechanism of sharing. Recent analyses have identified a minimum of thirteen basic functions related to the fact of dwelling. Some of these are clearly private (sleeping, bathing, etc), while others can have a semi-public or shared nature: eating, relaxing, digital working, washing clothes, etc. These resources can be shared within a single dwelling, between two dwellings, between individuals on the same floor or two adjoining floors, on the scale of a whole building or between different buildings in the same neighbourhood. The key, then, is to choose the scale at which we want to share resources so as to create a particular model of habitability or another. If we construct 102 apartments of 45 m2 each, which may share 20% of their floor area, we can have up to 918 m2 of shared space. This could be in the form of 51 shared spaces of 18 m2 (each apartment in a pair contributing 9 m2), or a single space of 918 m2. Our proposal puts forward an interesting and innovative model with which to define three scales of habitability: A first, individual scale of 36 m2, comprising the kitchen, bathroom and rest area in a loft-style apartment. A second, intermediate scale of 108, 72, 36, 24 and 12 m2, shared by 18, 12, 6, 4 or 2 people, on every second floor. This comprises a spacious living area and contact and work areas. A third and larger scale of 306 m2, shared by all 102 people and located on the ground floor, which will include a lounge, a laundry, Internet access and a library. [ES] El proyecto se desarrolla en Gandía, una ciudad situada al sur de Valencia, de 75.000 habitantes. El objetivo es desarrollar un proyecto híbrido, que funcione de hecho como una residencia de estudiantes, pero que cumpla los requisitos de una vivienda social, que tiene una normativa y unas características propias. El programa propuesto incluye 102 viviendas para jóvenes, 40 viviendas para mayores, un centro cívico y social para el Ayuntamiento. La cuestión más interesante desde un punto de vista programático está en el desarrollo de los espacios compartidos en las viviendas para jóvenes, que en realidad es una versión diferente a la tradicional residencia para jóvenes. El Plan de la Vivienda a nivel español define claramente que se podrán realizar viviendas de entre 30 a 45 m2, teniendo como máximo un 20% de superficie compartida, pero no dice ni dónde ni cómo se ha de situar ésta. De hecho, la idea de compartir espacios está totalmente avalada por la idea de una cierta sostenibilidad social y ambiental, pues no persigue otra cosa que “hacer más con menos”, es decir ofrecer más recursos a las personas, a través del mecanismo de compartir. Los análisis realizados recientemente explican como en una vivienda existen un mínimo de trece funciones básicas relacionadas con el hecho de habitar. Unas de ellas son claramente privadas (dormir, asearse, etc.) y otras, pueden tener un carácter semipúblico o más bien, compartido (comer, ocio, trabajar digitalmente, lavar, etc). Estos recursos se pueden compartir en el interior de una vivienda, entre dos viviendas, entre individuos de una planta o dos contiguas, a la escala de todo el edificio o entre edificios del mismo barrio. Por lo tanto la clave es elegir a que escala se quieren compartir recursos para crear un modelo de habitabilidad u otro. Si hay que construir 102 viviendas de 45 m2, que pueden compartir un 20% de su superficie, se pueden compartir hasta 918 m2. En el limite se podrían crear 46 espacios compartidos de 18 m2 (cada vivienda cede 9 m2) o bien un solo espacio de 918 m2. Nuestra propuesta fija un interesante e innovador modelo en el cual se definen tres escalas de habitabilidad: -Una primera escala individual, de 36 m2, en la que se sitúa la cocina, aseo, y zona de descanso, en un apartamento-loft. -Otra escala intermedia, de 108, 72, 36, 24 y 12 m2 que comparten 18, 12, 6, 4 ó 2 personas, y que se encuentra cada dos plantas. En ella se sitúa un gran estar y zonas de encuentro y trabajo. -Otra escala mayor que comparten los ciento dos habitantes con 306 m2, situadas en la planta baja, donde se localiza una sala de estar, lavandería, acceso a internet y una biblioteca.
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    This project was developed in Gandia, a town with a population of 75,000 to the south of Valencia. The aim was to develop a hybrid project that would function essentially as a student residence while meeting the requirements of social housing, with the corresponding standards and characteristics. The proposed programme includes 102 apartments for young people, 40 apartments for senior citizens, and a civic and social centre for the town council. The most interesting question from a...

    Project details
    • Year 2011
    • Work started in 2009
    • Work finished in 2011
    • Status Completed works
    • Type multi-purpose civic centres / Social Housing / Student Halls of residence
    Lovers 31 users